Above 2000 meters altitude, the climatic conditions become extremely severe with increased solar radiation, dry air, extreme temperatures, strong winds coupled with snow and hail falls in the winter months.
On Tenerife there is room for everything, even for a great many mountains, tall and small, round or indescribable, that we can see singularly or grouped into small ranges, like those of anaga in the northeast, populated by a closed laurel forest that must be seen. undoubtedly, among so many mountains, paths have opened up for long and short treks; therefore it is said that tenerife is the island for walkers. for health and for pleasure, millions of tourists add up hours and hours in the twists and turns of our natural environment; sometimes peering at the caves which the primitive guanches inhabited. The aborigines preferred to live in the peaceful countryside in the middle of the island, where they were found by the castilian conquerors upon their arrival in the canaries in the xv century.
The list of Tenerife mountains is long: those closest to the tourist centre of the south are: guaza, which looks solitarily on at hundreds of vehicles passing by on the motorway; montaña roja, next to the el médano beach; the güimar mountains, covered by a blanket of snow in winter. in Tacoronte, some kilometres away, we have the agua garcia altitudes and beyond this we can see how the town of los realejos with its dense population, is located on the slopes of the tigaiga mountain. in the northwest, imposing and majestic, the mountains of the teno rural parque rise up, belonging to the area known as Isla Baja.
The above conditions favour plant formations that are naturally adapted to open spaces. Plants in high mountains have a cushion-like appearance, which, along with their long roots and usually small leaves covered with fuzz, allow them to survive in this hostile environment. In terms of the frequency of occurrence, two plants from the bean family stand out, namely the Bridal broom and the endemic Adenocarpus viscosus. These are accompanied by many other endemics, noteworthy among which are: the Tenerife bugloss (Echium wildpretii) – a popular symbol of the island – and the Teide violet (Viola cheiranthifolia). It is their spectacular blooming that gives Tenerife’s mountain peaks that spectacular look in the spring and early summer .
There is a large diversity of invertebrates, with a high proportion of endemic species. Beetles, true bugs, butterflies, etc. Feature heavily, while vertebrates are in minority, represented mainly by some reptiles, several types of nesting birds as well as bats and rabbits. Worth mentioning are also the mouflons, an invasive species imported to the island in 1971, which has grown over the years to be a serious threat to local vegetation in the absence of natural enemies. Consequently, a decision was made to remove the animals from the park, but there are still several dozen individuals living here to this day.