This massive volcano is the visible and pervasive symbol of the island. Its 3.718 metres of altitude cause vertigo and raptures too, for the remarkable geological values Surrounding it; the purity of the sky is unparalleled for observing the heavens. The exceptional environmental and meteorological conditions of the Teide National Park have made it a privileged area for scrutinising the Universe. The very latest telescopes have been erected in the Izana Observatory, situated on the perimeter of the park, sothat Scientists from all Over the World can take advantage of this unique point on earth.
Any day of the year is perfect for going up to the Teide National Park, declared to be a world heritage site by UNESCO. Just over three million people every year fall in love with these other World landscapes, which you can access from any point of the island in your own car or by bus. The peak crowning the Volcano is reached by cable car scarcely 200 metres away from the crater, which can be visited by prior permission.
More than 50 endemic species of Canarian flora and fauna find their natural habitat in this park; 12 of which are exclusive. The yellow retama, the red, blue and violet tajinastes of the Teide (the highest growing flower of Spain), make up a picture of marked contrasts against the ochre of the land. In its 20.000 hectare expanse, the Teide National Park is also a refuge for curious species of fauna: lizards, gecko's or Canarian wall geckos and skinks among Vertebrae and the blue Chaffinch, the Berthelot's Pipit and the Canarian silvestre among birds. The bats are also interesting: especially the endemic Canary big-eared bat. (Plecotus teneriffae)
So, as the courage of the Volcanos has forged the nature of this remarkable island, SO too has the character of its people been moulded by its energy. Daily living with the Capricious results of SO much fiery Volcanic phenomenon that created valleys, mountains, ravines, beaches, etceteras, has generated courageous islanders facing daily life with enthusiasm. Born of its momentum, a splendid Culture has been generated. Their traditions have the tendency to unite people in the defence of the great, natural heritage they love and which they take great care of by chasing away any mistreatment of its native rusticity; This book talks extensively about the cultural expressions of this singular people.